Inventories and Related Notes Payable - Floor Plan
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
|Inventory Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Inventory Disclosure [Text Block]||Inventories and Related Notes Payable - Floor Plan
Inventories consist of the following:
We finance all of our new and certain of our used vehicle inventory through standardized floor plan facilities with either: (1) certain manufacturer captive finance companies or (2) a syndicate of manufacturer-affiliated finance companies and commercial banks. We also use these floor plan facilities to finance the acquisition of new and certain used vehicle inventory as part of acquisitions of dealerships. These floor plan facilities are due on demand and currently bear interest at variable rates
based on either one-month Term SOFR or prime plus an additional spread, depending on the lender arrangement. The weighted-average interest rate for our new vehicle floor plan facilities was 1.09%, 0.74% and 1.72% for 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our floor plan interest expense related to the new vehicle floor plan arrangements is partially offset by amounts received from manufacturers in the form of floor plan assistance capitalized in inventory and charged against cost of sales when the associated inventory is sold. For 2022, 2021 and 2020, we recognized a reduction in cost of sales of approximately $51.5 million, $46.5 million and $40.6 million, respectively, related to manufacturer floor plan assistance.
The weighted-average interest rate for our used vehicle floor plan facilities was 3.87%, 1.75% and 2.02% for 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
The new and used vehicle floor plan facilities are collateralized by vehicle inventory and other assets, excluding goodwill and other intangible assets, of the relevant dealership subsidiary. The new and used vehicle floor plan facilities contain a number of covenants, including, among others, covenants restricting us with respect to the creation of liens and changes in ownership, officers and key management personnel. We were in compliance with all of these restrictive covenants as of December 31, 2022.
The entire disclosure for inventory. Includes, but is not limited to, the basis of stating inventory, the method of determining inventory cost, the classes of inventory, and the nature of the cost elements included in inventory.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef